Report della Commissione
le libertà e i diritti del cittadino, la giustizia e gli affari interni
del Parlamento europeo sulla proposta
COM (2000) 385
Emendamenti da 41 a
48 relativi all'art. 13 della proposta di direttiva COM (2000) 385 (testo
Avvertenze per la lettura:
Il testo conseguente agli emendamenti è quello sulla
destra, mentre quello sulla sinistra corrisponde alla stesura originaria
come proposta dalla Commissione UE.
Le parti in neretto sono quelle modificate, ovvero
aggiunte dalla Commissione parlamentare per le libertà e i diritti del
cittadino, la giustizia e gli affari interni.
General directive 95/46/EC already enables it to be established when the
processing of personal data for unsolicited communication is lawful, according
to "principles relating to data quality". The general directive
also establishes a series of criteria for "making data processing
legitimate" (e.g. when "unambigous consent" of the data
subject is expressed, but also when public data, freedom of expression
or vital interests of the data subject are involved), that it would be
wrong (and technologically "non-neutral") to eliminate on technological
Opt-in and opt-out systems are both used in the Member States, and the subsidiarity principle would tend to argue against the imposition of a common practice, which would in any case co-exist with hundreds of national legislations around the world. Opt-out systems are already specified by the e-commerce Directive (2000/31) and the distance-selling Directive (97/7).
13, paragraph 1
An opt-in solution for e-mail marketing will penalise responsible marketers, but not stop illegitimate ones from continuing to send unsolicited e-mails. Spamming is already covered by special protection measures including Article 7 (1) of Directive 200/31/EC and Articles 6 and 7 of the general data protection Directive 95/46/EC. Stricter legal requirements will only have the effect of reducing the impetus for business to develop effective software solutions within the EU.
Article 13, paragraph 1a (new)
Directive in Article 10 establishes the opt-in system (consumer’s prior
consent) for faxes or automatic call systems.
However, it specifies the opt-out system for other electronic communications
(which includes e-mail messages). The proposed directive defends the opt-in system for the sake
of supposed increased harmonisation among all European countries. However,
it will only harm e-commerce in Europe vis-à-vis other parts of the world.
The opt-out system will promote e-commerce in Europe, one of the major objectives of the eEurope initiative. The opt-in system will be a barrier to the same and will help encourage direct marketing companies to set up their business outside the European Union, where the legislative framework allows the opt-out for direct marketing purposes.
13, paragraph 1b (new)
13, paragraph 2
13, paragraph 2a (new)
explicit reference to the
fraudulent practice of disguising the identity of the sender could strengthen
anti-spamming efforts, even if not only the general directive, but also
other directives already protect the consumer (84/450 on misleading advertising,
93/13 on unfair terms in consumer contracts and 98/6 on the indication
13, paragraph 2b (new)
13, paragraph 3